h�b```����� ��ea�X �q8�x������ `�a�b������ͫ�������Rv�����tTn��c�av���mwb�slr��(�v݆���������ADi � !% �����с�&��Lz�@Z�����2�35�)y�n�KXè������̈́��=G The Effects of Statelessness on Involuntary Refugee Repatriation in Bangladesh and Myanmar, Department of Political Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA, /doi/full/10.1080/00358533.2019.1591766?needAccess=true. “I want to tell the country, that there are many people like me.” This is not the first time that the group has faced forced repatriation. This paper contends that statelessness is a contributing factor in the continual failure of repatriation processes. 51, no. Katia holds a PhD from York University, UK, where she graduated with a thesis on the implementation of the Convention relation to the status of stateless persons in 10 European States. The consequences of statelessness are also numerous with terrible implications for those affected. Statelessnessis the absence of nationality. Katia is qualified in New York, England, and Wales. 3: The Status of Stateless Persons at the National Level (17 July 2012). Many stateless groups face harassment, discrimination and human rights violations. Stateless people generally cannot exercise the basic rights associated with citizenship or find it very difficult to do so. Add to cart, Registered in England & Wales No. Abstract. Stateless people do not necessarily face persecution. 24 hours to view or download: Foreign Policy also reports that very little research exists about the effects of statelessness on economies. Effect of statelessness The effect of statelessness can best be approached through a short account of the effects of nationality for someone who is not stateless. 187 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B6B015EBF98214C983E651FCFECDEC3>]/Index[163 38]/Info 162 0 R/Length 112/Prev 155308/Root 164 0 R/Size 201/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Refugees are among the most vulnerable populations, often denied rights of residency, treated as hostile intruders, even forced into unsafe camps. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email, The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, Unwelcomed? When an individual become statelessness on any ground, usually effect is limited to the individual and his/her family only. AMERA International, 25 Meadow Way, Theale, Reading, Berkshire, RG7 4AU, United Kingdom, Max Planck institute for Social Anthropology, Halle, Germany, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Unravelling Anomaly: Detention, Discrimination and the Protection Needs of Stateless Persons, Lives on Hold: The Human Cost of Statelessness, Nationality Rights for All: A Progress Report and Global Survey on Statelessness. Typically, they are excluded from political processes, cannot travel freely and la… 200 0 obj <>stream This has been particularly true of the Rohingya, a Muslim ethnic minority group which has fled Myanmar by the hundreds of thousands since 2012. -kӘ����A��ϡ�o�����$�\�0��Ϟ�XO )Y��0��� � 4^C7 %%EOF An examination of the 1992–1997 repatriation of Rohingya refugees reveals that the condition of statelessness can undermine safeguards often granted to refugees, decrease incentives for refugees to return, and impair opportunities for long-term solutions, while exacerbating state and human security issues. An illustrative case of successful refugee repatriation in Angola suggests that the absence of statelessness can improve prospects for successful repatriation. %PDF-1.5 %���� In order to bring together NGOs working on these issues, in 2011 it was decided to set up the European Network on Statelessness (ENS) which conducts and supports advocacy, awareness-raising, training and legal development activities aimed at addressing statelessness. Statelessness also affects the future of young people. endstream endobj startxref 0 Chaudhury, Anasua Basu Ray and Samir Kumar Das, "The Stateless Chakmas in Arunachal Pradesh" (Mahanirban Calcutta Research Group, Feb. 2011) [ text ], European Network on Statelessness, "Protecting Stateless Persons from Arbitrary Detention" (European Network on Statelessness, 2015) [ text ]. There are three forms of statelessness: an absence of de sure nationality (meaning no nation has expressly given nationality to the individual); diplomatic statelessness (meaning a person does have a nationality but his or her nation has not diplomatically protected the individual from having rights stripped away by another nation); and effective (or de facto) statelessness (meaning a person has a nationality but he or she has no rights in that nation). Add to cart, Issue Purchase She practiced immigration law for over ten years both in the United States and in Oxford. Melissa George, Webster University – Saint Louis . 1: The definition of “Stateless Person” in Article 1(1) of the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons (20 February 2012), Guidelines on Statelessness No. COMMENT: The Effects of Statelessness on Gender Rights . By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Molnár, Tamás, "Stateless Persons under International Law and EU Law: A Comparative Analysis Concerning Their Legal Status, with Particular Attention to the Added Value of the EU legal order," Acta Juridica Hungarica, vol. Kingston, Lindsey N., Legal Invisibility: Statelessness and Issue (non) Emergence, Social Science Dissertation (Syracuse University, 2010) [ info ] See also two earlier papers by same author from 2009 ( abstract only) and 2010 ( full-text ). What explains the shortcomings of past repatriations and why does the cycle persist? h�bbd```b``��3@$S�d�fׁI��`�O��N0�̞f���$� 0�"+ I�$w;�DrE�HFS)- f3���zL@W����H���)�+@� |�Y 4 (Dec. 2010) [ abstract ], Sawyer, Caroline and Brad K. Blitz, eds., Statelessness in the European Union: Displaced, Undocumented, Unwanted (Cambridge University Press, Feb. 2011) [ info ]. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. Special thanks to Versantus for essential website support. But when communities become stateless, this can lead to conflict and cause displacement, spread terrorism or even contribute to war. 2: Procedures for Determining whether an Individual is a Stateless Person (5 April 2012), Guidelines on Statelessness No. Some existing studies suggest that stateless persons have a negative economic impact on smaller nations in which they may make up a more significant percentage of the population. These in most cases are not accessible to stateless people, indeed the absence of these is almost definitive of statelessness itself. 30 days to view or download: GBP 34.00 The Effects of Statelessness .... : Security in South Asia. 3099067 We use cookies to improve your website experience. But one of the most debilitating (and rarely acknowledged) effects of statelessness is chronic economic instability. Guest Editors: Aakriti Tandon and Michael O. Slobodchikoff, Restore content access for purchases made as guest, Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing & Allied Health. World, UNHCR Handbook on Protection of Stateless Persons, Guidelines on Statelessness No. Without a recognized nat… Having found little refuge in Bangladesh, the group faces growing fears of involuntary repatriation. Composed of 10 sweeping actions, such as to “resolve existing major situations of statelessness” and “ensure that no child is born stateless,” this campaign has had difficulty stemming the tide of statelessness and its deleterious effects. 163 0 obj <> endobj Katia Bianchini is a lawyer and researcher specialized in immigration, refugee law and statelessness. Article Purchase Blitz, Brad K. and Maureen Lynch, eds., Statelessness and Citizenship: A Comparative Study on the Benefits of Nationality (Edward Elgar, Jan. 2011) [ info ] See also the earlier version . The network will now look for funding to expand its activities in 2012 and beyond. She has published on immigration, refugee law and statelessness. Statelessness is often a root cause of forced displacement. endstream endobj 164 0 obj <. In this case, granting citizenship to stateless persons might actually improve these nations’ gross domestic product output. One young woman in Asia, told UNHCR researchers that she has been unable to take up job offers as a teacher because she is stateless and can only find work in a local shop. When statelessness causes forced displacement of communities, their movement to neighbouring country results in regional as well as … An examination of the 1992–1997 repatriation of Rohingya refugees reveals that the condition of statelessness can undermine safeguards often granted to refugees, decrease incentives for refugees to return, and impair opportunities for long-term solutions, while exacerbating state and human security issues… Stateless peoples are marginalized not only by citizenship laws that deny them legal nationality, but also by the international community’s inattention to this human rights problem. However, because of their precarious situation, stateless people are in need of international protection and assistance. Unwelcomed? Limited existing research GBP 245.00 This paper contends that statelessness is a contributing factor in the continual failure of repatriation processes. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG.