Symptomless plants can be infected. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-83-1130. Caudwell A, 1965. L'Italia Agricola, 101:1031-1049. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 33(2):125-131; 30 ref. Prof. Marina Dermastia, … Detection and differentiation of grapevine yellows phytoplasmas belonging to the elm yellows group and to the stolbur subgroup by PCR amplification of non-ribosomal DNA. Grapevine yellows (GY) are among the most important diseases currently studied in grapevine. ELISA and dot-blot detection of flavescence doree-MLO in individual leafhopper vectors during latency and inoculative state. Caudwell A, 1993. Chen KH; Credi R; Loi N; Maixner M; Chen TA, 1994. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 60(6):1905-1913; 35 ref. Recent study of flavescence doree and its vector in vineyards of Northern Italy. In: INRA Editions, Les colloques, N° 86. 79 (3), 181-187. Weber A; Maixner M; Blaise P, 1998. Prince J P, Davis R E, Wolf T K, Lee I M, Mogen B D, Dally E L, Bertaccini A, Credi R, Barba M, 1993. Marzach8 C; Alma A; d'Aquilio M; Minuto G; Boccardo G, 1999. In: de Sequeira OA, Santos MT, eds. Journal of Phytopathology. Plant Disease, 79(10):1075. Caudwell A, 1957. Phytoplasmas in Australian grapevines - detection, differentiation and associated diseases. In France, control of FD disease is subject to several legislative directives. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Vitis, 36(1):53-54; 11 ref. Šeruga M, Perica M Ć, Škorić D, Kozina B, Mirošević N, Šarić A, Bertaccini A, Krajačić M, 2000. 103 (6), 507-514. Influence du milieu d'extraction sur la dTdection du Bois noir et de la Flavescence dorTe de la vigne, par des anticorps poly et monoclonaux dirigTs contre les phytoplasmes du stolbur et de la Flavescence dorTe. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.1999.83.10.925. 1. Deux années d'études sur la Flavescence dorée, nouvelle maladie grave de la Vigne. Phytopathology, 83(7):772-776. 3 (3), 69-82. Double and single infections by aster yellows and elm yellows MLOs in grapevines with symptoms characteristic of flavescence dorée. Molecular detection of diverse mycoplasma-like organisms (MLOs) associated with grapevine yellows and their classification with aster yellows, X-disease, and elm yellows MLOs. Vitis, 38(3):107-114; 22 ref. Rivista di Patologia Vegetale. A wide range of insecticides, mainly organophosphates and pyrethroids, are available for summer treatments, which are usually applied three times. 35 (3), 207-213. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0434.2000.00484.x, Wolf T K, Prince J P, Davis R E, 1994. Examen cytologique des plantes malades et des cicadelles infectieuses. Petria, 1(3):171-175. Journal of Phytopathology, 142(3-4):310-316, Credi R; Callegari D, 1988. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz. Movement of X-disease can occur from infected sweet and sour cherry, although chokecherry is often the principle reservoir. Vectors are present season long. Rivista di Patologia Vegetale, 3(3):69-82. Murari E; Sartori S; Borgo M; Bertaccini A, 2000. ], Oeiras, Portugal: Oficina Grafica da Secretaria General do Ministerio da Agricultura, do Desenvolvimento Rural E das pescas. Kuszala C, 1996. Proceedings 12th Meeting of the International Council for the Study of Viruses and Virus-Like Diseases of Grapevine (ICVG), Lisbon, Portugal: de Sequeira OA, Santos MT, 75-76. Epidemiological studies on a new grapevine yellows in Germany. Identification and characterization of the phytoplasma associated with elm yellows in southern Italy and its relatedness to other phytoplasmas of the elm yellows group. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Caudwell A, Moutous G, Larrue J, Fos A, Blancon G, Schick JP, 1974. Rivista di Viticoltura e di Enologia, 48:11-16. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Flavescence Dorée is spread by the leafhopper Scaphoideus titanus, which is native to eastern North America. The first treatment is usually applied in June and should not be done later than 1 month after the beginning of hatching. Gibb KS; Constable FE; Moran JR; Padovan AC, 1999. Weinbeg und Keller, 12:347-376. Scouting Notes Identification and epidemic distribution of two flavescence dorée-related phytoplasmas in Veneto (Italy). Bois noir is transmitted by Hyalesthes obsoletus, an insect that is not present in Canada. Bianco PA; Fortusini A; Scattini G; Casati P; Carraro S; Torresin GC, 2000. Cloned DNA probes for detection of grapevine flavescence doree mycoplasma-like organism (MLO). Mixed infection of grapevines in northern Italy by phytoplasmas including 16S rRNA RFLP subgroup 16SrI-B strains previously unreported in this host. Seddas A; Meignoz R; Daire X; Boudon-Padieu E, 1996. Boudon-Padieu E; Maixner M, 1998. Annales de Phytopathologie, 3(1):95-105. Les épidémies de Flavescence dorée en Armagnac et en Corse et les nouvelles perspectives de lutte contre le vecteur par des traitements ovicides d'hiver. Often Confused With: Atti Giornate Fitopatologiche, 2:295-306. Refatti E; Carraro L; Osler R; Loi N; Pavan F, 1998. Journal of Plant Pathology, 79(3):181-187; 31 ref. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 24(1/2):189-191. 80 (4), 418-421. Refatti E, Carraro L, Osler R, Loi N, Pavan F, 1998. Reinert W; Maixner M, 1997. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Transmission de la flavescence dorée de la vigne par Scaphoideus littoralis Ball. Use only vines produced from scionwood and rootstock material obtained through a clean stock or certification program. Schvester D; Carle P; Moutous G, 1963. In: Mediterranean Phytopathological Union, eds. 35 (4), 189-194. In: de Sequeira OA, Santos MT, eds. Seljak G, 1987. The number of viable eggs can be reduced by a treatment of vines in March before bud-burst. They tend to affect old vines that are at least 10 years old but young vines are not immune. Some features of this website require Javascript to be enabled for best usibility. Vitis, 35(4):189-194; 34 ref. Maixner M, Ahrens U, Seemüller E, 1994. Bulletin technique d'Information des Ingénieurs des Services Agricoles, 198:377-388. Journal of Phytopathology, 146(11/12):549-556; 36 ref. International Journal of Tropical Plant Disease, 4:1-14. 73-74. Flavescence Dorée phytoplasma and viruliferous S. titanus can be spread by contaminated propagation materials. Vitis, 33(2):103-104, Maixner M; Ahrens U; Seemuller E, 1995. The agents of these diseases are phytoplasmas, formerly called mycoplasma-like organisms (MLOs). Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 31(3):175-181, Osler R; Fortusini A; Belli G, 1975. Furthermore, the successful control of the disease is only feasible by well coordinated activity by producers within a particular area, due to the high mobility of the vector. Identification of this disease with golden flavescence. Pearson R C, Pool R M, Gonsalves D, Goffinet M C, 1985. Davis RE; Dally EL; Gundersen DE; Lee IngMing; Habili N, 1997. Two grapevine diseases in this category, Petri disease and Esca (black measles), are caused by fungal pathogens. Other reservoirs of X-disease include certain weeds such as clover, dandelion, and several rosaceous species including strawberry and blackberry. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 103(6):507-514; 28 ref. Annales de Phytopathologie 2(2):415-428. Daire X, Clair D, Larrue J, Boudon-Padieu E, Alma A, Arzone A, Carraro L, Osler R, Refatti E, Granata G, Credi R, Tanne E, Pearson R, Caudwell A, 1993. Phytoplasmas associated with grapevine yellows in Virginia belong to group 16SrI, subgroup A (tomato big bud phytoplasma subgroup), and group 16SrIII, new subgroup I. Vitis, 37(3):131-137; 22 ref. Granata G; Grimaldi V, 1991. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 101(3):241-250. Maximum spread occurs from mid August through October when high concentrations of the pathogen are present in the leaves and vector populations are increasing in orchards and vineyards. In: Bulletin technique d'Information des Ingénieurs des Services Agricoles, 294 783-794. Transmission by cicadellids of Corsican vine yellowing. Please enable Javascript to run. Laviña A, Batlle A, Larrue J, Daire X, Clair D, Boudon-Padieu E, 1995. Threshold Vitis, 35(4):195-199; 34 ref. Marcone C, Ragozzino A, Credi R, Seemüller E, 1996. First report of grapevine bois noir phytoplasma in Spain. In: de Sequeira OA, Santos MT, eds. All mother plots used as a source of propagation material must be treated with insecticides three times a year to protect against infestation by Scaphoideus titanus while all nurseries must be treated throughout the time when larval stages or adults of S. titanus occur. Diffusione e stato delle malattie da fitoplasmi in Slovenia. Occurrence of grapevine yellows disease in grapevine growing regions of Hungary. Caudwell A; Gianotti J; Kuszala C; Larrue J, 1971. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 102(8):757-764; 33 ref. Detection and characterization of phytoplasmas infecting grapevine in southern Italy and their genetic relatedness to other grapevine yellows phytoplasmas. Revue Suisse de Viticulture, d'Arboriculture et d'Horticulture, 29(4):245-247. Caudwell A; Kuszala C, 1992. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 31(3):154-162, Daire X; Boudon-Padieu E; Berville A; Schneider B; Caudwell A, 1992. Daire X; Clair D; Larrue J; Boudon-Padieu E, 1997. 24 (1/2), 82-87. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 47(2):262-269; 45 ref. Identification Management Notes Chen KH; Guo JR; Wu XY; Loi N; Carraro L; Guo YH; Chen YD; Osler R; Pearson R; Chen TA, 1993. Mise au point d'un test ELISA sur les tissus de vignes atteintes de Flavescence dorée. Prevalence of aster yellows (AY) and elm yellows (EY) group phytoplasmas in symptomatic grapevines in three areas of northern Italy. Recent identification of potential Bois Noir vectors as well as associations between Bois Noir strains and weed species in Europe, have raised concern in Canada. 35 (4), 195-199. Padovan AC; Gibb KS; Daire X; Boudon-Padieu E, 1996. Results of the study of grapevine yellows disease dispersal in Slovenia. Flavescence Dorée has not been detected in Canada. Symptomless plants can be infected. Bianco P A, Davis R E, Prince J P, Lee I M, Gundersen D E, Fortusini A, Belli G, 1993. Current Microbiology, 19(6):357-364. Detection and characterization of phytoplasmas infecting grapevine in southern Italy and their genetic relatedness to other grapevine yellows phytoplasmas. Sodobno Kmetijstvo. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 101(2):124-127, Pearson RC; Pool RM; Gonsalves D; Goffinet MC, 1985. Seljak G, Petrovic N, 2000. Detection of the German grapevine yellows (Vergilbungskrankheit) MLO in grapevine, alternative hosts and a vector by a specific PCR procedure. Phytopathology, 83(9):915-922. Occurrence of grapevine yellows disease in grapevine growing regions of Hungary. Identification of this disease with golden flavescence. 101 (2), 124-127. DOI:10.1094/PD-78-0208C. First report of grapevine bois noir phytoplasma in Spain. 29 (10), 403-406. Agronomie, 10(8):655-663. Plant Disease, 76(11):1092-1096. Padovan A C, Gibb K S, Daire X, Boudon-Padieu E, 1996. Annales d'Amélioration des Plantes, 4:359-393. 1. 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