answer! The pole (p) of the mirror is taken as the origin. The Mirror formula explains how object distance (u) and image distance (v) are related to the focal length of a spherical mirror. We can understand in better way using an example. Create your account. Determine the image distance and the image size. The principal axis is taken as the x-axis of our coordinate system. b. - Definition & Refraction, What is Refraction? All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Magnification of Object for Mirrors: Magnification of object for mirrors: it is defined as the ratio of the height of the image and the height of the object. {/eq} that can be expressed as: {eq}\displaystyle m = \frac{h'}{h} = - \frac{v}{u} Services, Magnification: Definition, Formula, Calculation & Examples, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The sign convention for spherical mirrors follows a set of rules known as the “New Cartesian Sign Convention”, as mentioned below: a. {/eq} be the height of the image and {eq}h {/eq}. The near point of a naked eye is 25 cm. d. All the distances parallel to the principal axis are measured from the pole (p) of the mirror. The expression which gives t… e. All the distances … The magnification of the object for spherical mirrors: Let {eq}h' What is the angular magnification of a lens... What type of image is formed by a lens if m =... Types of Microscopes: Electron, Light & Fluorescence, Introduction to the Compound Microscope: Parts & Uses, Focal Length: Definition, Equation & Examples, Care & Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment, Scanning Electron Microscope: Definition & Uses, What is a Prism? c. The object is always placed on the left side of the mirror which implies that light falling from the object on the mirror is on the left-hand side. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. {/eq} be the height of the object then the magnification of the object for spherical mirror is expressed mathematically: {eq}\displaystyle m = \frac{h'}{h} All rights reserved. {/eq} and image distance {eq}v Example Problem #1 A 4.00-cm tall light bulb is placed a distance of 45.7 cm from a concave mirror having a focal length of 15.2 cm. It is also defined in terms of object distance {eq}u Image distance is the distance of the image from the pole of the mirror and it is denoted by the letter v. And focal length is the distance of the principal focus from the pole of the mirror. As a demonstration of the effectiveness of the mirror equation and magnification equation, consider the following example problem and its solution. Magnification of the object for plane mirror is one because the height of the image is same as the height of the object. The object distance from the spherical mirror is 40 cm and the image distance from the spherical... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions.