The tapir uses its nose like a finger to grab leaves from tree branches or to pick up fruit that has fallen on the forest floor. Although they look like they would be a slow animal when they are threatened by a predator their streamlined shape lets them crash through undergrowth with great speed. These unique animals display amazing swimming and diving abilities, walking deep along the bottom of rivers. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T21472A45173636. The Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus) is an endangered species and it belongs to the family Tapiridae. Additionally, they disperse certain plant communities. Meanwhile, the Asian tapir is the most evolutionarily distinct tapir in the world. This pattern is good for camouflage in the dappled sunlight of the forest especially when they lie down. Malayan Tapir Facts | Anatomy, Diet, Habitat, Behavior. They reach adult size at 18 months old and are sexually mature at 2-4 years old. The natural range of this species is now heavily fragmented, occupying parts of south-eastern Asia, from southern Myanmar to south-western Thailand, Malaysia as well as from the Malay Peninsula to Sumatra. What is your diet? Malayan tapirs are commonly considered nocturnal creatures, resting by day and being active by night. Weaning occurs at 6 - 8 months old, although calves continue living near their mothers until 1 year old. "Tapir" is a Brazilian Indian word, meaning "thick". The tapir uses its nose like a finger to grab leaves from tree branches or to pick up fruit that has fallen on the forest floor. Malayan tapirs are distinguished by their black and white plumage and long snout. Tapirs eat before dawn and after dusk but they do take sleep for sometimes at night. The gestation period lasts 390–395 days after which the female gives birth to one offspring. There are total five species of tapirs out of which Malayan tapir is the largest. The Malayan tapir communicates in several ways. Brazilian tapirs have the shortest proboscis, whereas Malayan tapirs have the longest. They have got small beady eyes which does not help the animal to see in the dark. Traeholt, C., Novarino, W., bin Saaban, S., Shwe, N.M., Lynam, A., Zainuddin, Z., Simpson, B. The newborn babies weigh 15 pounds (6.8 kg) at birth but they grow quickly in their initial years. Malayan tapirs breed between April and May and usually have one calf after a gestation period of 390-395 days. Tapirs in the wild generally prefer living solitarily, but may gather in groups when food supplies are scarce. Tapir Diet. They use high pitched squeaks and whistles. Their two main threats are tigers and. Malayan tapir has a highly-developed sense of smell. They are now considered endangered mainly due to human activities. Malayan tapirs attract hunters for their meat as well as sport. The calf at birth weighs about 7 kg (15lbs) and a female can produce a calf every 18 months or so. The calf will lose these markings in about 6-8 months. Tapir Reproduction Half of the tapir’s body is all white except the head and legs which are black in color. This mammal is very shy by nature, hiding from human disturbance in interior areas of its forest habitat. Their two main threats are tigers and dholes. However, those in undisturbed forests tend to lead crepuscular lifestyle. Both parents attain the maturity at 3 years of age. Malayan tapirs typically occur all throughout the Southeast Asia including Myanmar, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Cambodia, and Laos. The female produces milk for the calf and weaning usually occurs between 6 – 8 months of age. Tapirs are herbivores that feed up on water plants, fruits and buds. Asian tapirs are very agile creatures. Malayan tapir (otherwise known as Asian tapir) is the only living species of Old World tapir. Overall, Malayan tapirs are currently classified as Endangered (EN) and their numbers continue to decrease. Malayan tapirs don’t seem to have many natural predators in the wild. At about 2 weeks old, the calf starts taking solid food. They are fast runners and accomplished climbers, easily getting over steep terrains. Due to their frugivorous diet, Malayan tapirs act as important seed dispersers of numerous fruit-bearing plants they consume. Malayan tapirs are about 1.8 to 2.4 metres (6-8 ft) in length and they stand 90 to 107 cms (3-3.5 ft) tall, they weigh on average 250 to 320 kgs (550-700 pounds) with the females usually being larger than the males. They are generally considered to have poor eyesight, and therefore use their acute hearing and keen sense of smell to detect predators, food, and other tapirs. It is thought to become active at night but Malayan tapirs are not nocturnal animals. Tapirs are herbivores and eat primarily grasses, aquatic plants, buds, leaves and soft twigs. 2. In addition, those in captivity differ greatly by disposition, being either peaceful or aggressive. Malayan tapirs are good swimmers and they often like to bathe and swim. Being a large animal they have few predators. Malayan tapirs are also known as Asian tapirs. Malayan tapirs are the largest land mammals in the Neotropics. | Endangered Red Pandas. The mother begins to suckle its young within 2 - 5 hours at birth. And indeed, species of this genus exhibit rather solid and tough hides. Their diet at the Zoo normally consists of Bermuda hay, alfalfa, herbivore pellets, leafy greens, carrots, apples and a tapir-favorite—bananas. When diving, tapirs use their flexible nose as a snorkel, helping them to breathe underwater. Downloaded on 17 May 2020. Malayan tapirs prefer to make homes near water so that they could easily bathe when they must. Join Our Mailing List to Get Daily Animal Profiles & Animal News Delivered to Your Mailbox. Due to their frugivorous diet, Malayan tapirs act as important seed dispersers of numerous fruit-bearing plants they consume. The hard thick skin on their necks provides protection from predators bites and they also have strong teeth and jaws which can inflict a serious bite to a predator. Asian tapirs currently suffer from large-scale habitat loss, as a result of various human activities, including agricultural development, cattle grazing and logging. Thus, if the newborn baby is healthy, it will be able to stand during the first 1 - 2 hours of its life. & bin Mohd, S. 2016. Females yield a single calf (rarely twins) every 2 years, after 390 - 410 days of gestation. Most of the Malayan tapir populations can be found in Sumatra Island, and to a lesser extent, in Malacca Peninsula (Malaysia) and Burma. Sometimes the tapir’s territory seems to overlap with the territory of other animals. This animal is an odd-toed ungulate (the latter word literally means "having hooves"), displaying three toes on each of its hind feet. Malayan tapirs are mostly most active at night. Malayan tapirs rely on smelling and hearing sense because they have extremely poor eyesight. This animal is herbivorous; that is, its diet is limited to the consumption of aquatic plants, tree leaves, grass, and shrubs. These mammals will also eat twigs and leaves. Top 3 Must-Have Dog Purchases From AlphaPaw When Getting A New Puppy! Young tapirs are able to reproduce at about 3 years old. Malayan tapirs are the only Asian species of tapir, and they are native to the island of Sumatra, the Malay peninsula and Southern Thailand. The tapir is native to Asia. Along with other tapir species, it exhibits an elongated, fleshy and prehensile nose, which is able to grasp objects such as leaves and "handle" them into the mouth. It can also run quite fast when threatened. Tapirus indicus. Asian tapirs are excellent swimmers and divers, capable of walking along bottoms of rivers, just like hippopotamus. They are also hunted for food in some areas and sport, and for their hides. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T21472A45173636.en. The Malayan tapirs nose is very useful when the tapir wants to eat as they can use it to pluck leaves from the trees and they can also use it to explore a circle of ground 30 cms (1 ft) in diameter without even moving its head. Hence, the animal is difficult to come across in the wild. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T21472A45173636. Within this territory, Malayan tapirs occur in a wide range of habitats from lowland and hill forests and montane cloud forests to alpine scrubland and grassy openings. Typical types of food are leaves, buds, growing twigs, tree bark, herbs, low growing succulents, shrubs, fruits, club moss, grass, tubers as well as aquatic vegetation. The breeding season is likely to occur in April, May or June. The tapir averages 250 and 320 kg (550 and 710 lb) in weight with some specimen can be as heavy as 540 kg (1,190 lb). Being a large animal they have few predators. They mark territories by urinating on plants. Why are Red Pandas Endangered? And finally, all the above-mentioned factors are compounded by a very low birth rate and heavily fragmented range. Tapir chew leaves, aquatic plants, soft twigs, buds, and shoots while slowly foraging on the land. They are capable of remaining submerged for up to 90 seconds. As a result, isolated populations are unable to recover losses and are exposed to hunting. Traeholt, C., Novarino, W., bin Saaban, S., Shwe, N.M., Lynam, A., Zainuddin, Z., Simpson, B. The tapir is native to Asia. The Malayan tapir is a grazer and a browser. They are found in the rainforests where there is plenty of lush vegetation, and they range from the lowlands to the mountainous areas. Diet. A professional writer and a passionate wildlife enthusiast, who is mostly found hooked to his laptop or in libraries researching about the wildlife. Young tapirs are typically recognized by their brown hair and white stripes and this allows the animal to camouflage (its body) in the forest. Despite their pig-like appearance, tapirs belong to the order Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates), and are closely related to horses, and …