Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Susceptible to aster yellows disease. Blooming for weeks, 'Hummelo' is a wonderful... Award-winner Helenium 'Rubinzwerg' features... Eye-popping, this Agastache will add color and a... For a beautiful textural presence! Height/Spread: 1-1/2 to 2 feet tall and wide. DC. The flowers, which are about 4 to 5 inches in diameter, feature white overlapping rays in two rows and a prominent yellow-orange central cone. SEARCH HOME PERENNIALS 101 TOP 10 PERENNIALS DESIGN TIPS GARDENERS RESOURCES. Growing Purple Coneflowers. Only plants will be removed from the collection. A Soft Border Idea with Grasses, Echinacea and Monarda, A Prairie Style Garden Idea with Echinacea, Veronicastrum and Sedum, A Luminous Perennial Planting Idea with Echinacea pallida and Agastache, A Cheerful Border Idea with Monarda, Agastache and Echinacea, A Fabulous Perennial Meadow Planting Idea, A Fabulous Perennial Planting Idea with Echinops, Echinacea and Agastache, A Lovely Prairie Planting Idea with Echinacea, Perovskia and Miss Willmott's Ghost, A Prairie Planting Idea with Echinacea, Penstemon and Eryngium, 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2, A3, Clay Soil, Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Clay Soil, Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil. It is most common in the Ozarks and in the Mississippi/Ohio Valley. Not sure which Echinacea - Coneflowers to pick? Attractive to butterflies. They have erect stems that in most species are unbranched. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Showy daisy-like purple coneflowers (to 5" diameter) bloom throughout summer atop stiff stems clad with coarse, ovate to broad-lanceolate, dark green leaves. Late Summer/Early Fall. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Echinacea purpurea is an herbaceous perennial up to 120 cm (47 in) tall by 25 cm (10 in) wide at maturity. Echinacea purpurea is used in pharmaceutics because of its ability to mobilize leukocytes, activate phagocytosis, and stimulate fibroblast formation. Research has shown how the purple coneflower stimulates the immune system, leading to renewed interest for treating immunodeficiencies, lowering the glycemia[21] and "boosting" healthy immune systems during periods of stress or pandemic, anxiety, and inflammation. [3] The plant grows in sun or light shade. Probably the most popular of our native wildflowers. Slugs[4] and Rabbits will also eat the foliage when young, or shortly after emerging in the spring. Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea), is a hardy perennial wildflower that adapts easily to a range of growing conditions, including periods of heat and drought. A popular perennial, Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower) is an outstanding herbaceous perennial boasting a profusion of large, daisy-like, purple coneflowers, 5 in. Propagate by seed in spring. [7] Originally named Rudbeckia purpurea by Linnaeus in 1753 in Species plantarum 6 , it was reclassified in 1794 by Conrad Moench, in a new genus named Echinacea purpurea (L.). Copyright © 2000 - 2020 Valleybrook International Ventures Inc. Echinacea × hybrida Double Scoop™ Cranberry, Echinacea × hybrida Sombrero® Baja Burgundy, Alphabetical list of all 4,000+ perennials here. [4] Useful vegetative techniques include division, root cuttings, and basal cuttings. [17], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, "Purple coneflower" redirects here. The flowers can also go into the composition of fresh bouquets. (1836). Depending on the climate, it blooms throughout summer into autumn. Rich in nectar, they attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Perfect for dry and sandy soils, this luminous prairie... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Its large 4-inch flowers are honey-scented. Deer resistant. ... With a mature height of 36 inches and a spread of 15-18 inches, this type makes a stunning addition to the backs of borders or a beautiful focal point in arrangements. Freely self-seeds in the garden and can become very aggressive. Not sure which Echinacea - Coneflowers to pick?Compare All Echinacea - Coneflowers, Buy Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Echinacea - Coneflowers. Its cone-shaped flowering heads are usually, but not always, purple in the wild. Vivid and vigorous, this attractive coneflower is really worthy of interest with its long lasting blooms and its tolerance of almost everything! Winner of multiple awards,... A U.S. native, Echinacea tennesseensis or... More than just a pretty face! discovered a misapplication of the name Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench for the taxon correctly named Echinacea serotina (Nutt.) Echinacea, commonly called Coneflower, has been cultivated as a hardy and showy perennial since the 1700s, both in North America and Europe. Award-winner Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus' is a sun-loving perennial that stands out with its bold, giant flowers whose rosy purple petals are held out flat rather than drooping like most coneflowers. Eastern Purple Coneflower (, "Echinacea – How To Grow Purple Coneflower", "Echinacea purpurea: Pharmacology, phytochemistry and analysis methods", "Natural product agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ): a review", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Echinacea_purpurea&oldid=984484678, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 09:32. 'Echinacea' is derived from Greek, meaning ‘spiny one’, in reference to the spiny sea urchins 'εχίνοι'. This common name is sometimes used for other purple flowered plants in the genus, "Echinacea: Not always a purple coneflower", "Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench (eastern purple coneflower)", "2014 county distribution map of Echinacea purpurea", "Echinacea Explosion - The Purple Coneflower Chronicles", USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Just two decades later, De Candolle raises him to the rank of species of the other genus Echinacea serotina (Nutt.) Echinacea purpurea is an herbaceous perennial up to 120 cm (47 in) tall by 25 cm (10 in) wide at maturity. [3] It is native to parts of eastern North America[4] and present to some extent in the wild in much of the eastern, southeastern and midwestern United States as well as in the Canadian Province of Ontario. Clumps can be divided, or broken into smaller bunches, which is normally done in the spring or autumn. Seedheads have good winter interest. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Removing faded flowers regularly will greatly increase the flowering period. To use the website as intended please  The dead flower stems will remain erect well into the winter, and if flower heads are not removed, the blackened cones may be visited by goldfinches or other birds that feed on the seeds.Genus name of Echinacea comes from the Greek word echinos meaning hedgehog or sea-urchin in reference to the spiny center cone found on most flowers in the genus.Specific epithet means purple. Petals often droop down in an attractive way. In 1818, Thomas Nuttall describes a new variety that he named Rudbeckia purpurea var. Echinacea tennesseensis (Tennessee Coneflower), Chasmanthium latifolium (Northern Sea Oats), Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem), Want Garden Inspiration? Freely self-seeds if at least some of the seed heads are left in place. Attractive to butterflies. Bloom Size: Unknown - Tell us. [13], Echinacea purpurea is propagated either vegetatively or from seeds. Echinacea tennesseensis (Tennessee Coneflower), Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan' (Coneflower), Eryngium x zabelii 'Big Blue' (Sea Holly), Veronicastrum virginicum 'Album' (Culver's Root), Persicaria amplexicaulis (Mountain Fleece), A Superb Summer Border Idea with Coneflowers, Crocosmia, Hyssop & Phlox, A Soft Border Idea with Grasses, Echinacea and Monarda, A Pretty Prairie Planting Idea with Echinacea pallida, Eryngium and Agastache, A Pretty Late Season Border Idea with Perennials and Architectural Grasses, A Prairie Style Garden Idea with Echinacea, Veronicastrum and Sedum, A Prairie Planting Idea with Helenium, Rudbeckia and Grasses, A Luminous Perennial Planting Idea with Echinacea pallida and Veronicastrum, A Luminous Perennial Planting Idea with Echinacea pallida and Agastache, A Lovely Prairie Planting Idea with Echinacea, Perovskia and Miss Willmott's Ghost, A Fabulous Perennial Planting Idea with Echinops, Echinacea and Agastache. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Excellent, long-blooming flower for massing in the border, meadow, native plant garden, naturalized area, wildflower garden or part shade area of woodland garden. Height 75-120 cm 29-47 inches Spread 45-60 cm 18-23 inches Foot Traffic None Growth Rate Medium . It is a good choice for small gardens, or wherever a more compact variety is called for. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Noted for its large, slightly-fragrant... Wow! across (12 cm), throughout summer. [19], Native Americans used the plant to treat many ailments, including wounds, burns, insect bites, toothaches, throat infections, pain, cough, stomach cramps, and snake bites.[20]. This dwarf coneflower grows in an upright clump about 15 to 18 inches in height. Grows in clumps up to 24-60 in. Outstanding for cutting. Accept Probably the most popular of our native wildflowers. More than just a pretty face! Numerous cultivars have been developed for flower quality and plant form. Accept