2011 Mar 15;57(4):512-24. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2011.01.004. Jenner RA, von Reumont BM, Campbell LI, Undheim EAB. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Protein knowledgebase. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. They have simple eyes with poor vision, so they rely much on touch and their chemoreceptors. Zvířata - Scolopendra dehaani inzerce. Meanwhile, 40 proteins/peptides were purified and characterized from crude venom of S. subspinipes dehaani. Facebook. The prey is held by the centipede's other legs until it dies from the fast-acting venom. These openings are either round-shaped or S-shaped. In common with other members of genus Scolopendra, it has 22 body segments with each segment having one pair of legs. [2], Department of the Environment and Water Resources, "Vietnamese Centipede (Scolopendra subspinipes)", "Aboriginal names and utilization of the fauna in the Eyrean region", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scolopendra_subspinipes&oldid=958212815, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 May 2020, at 14:26. 2019 Dec 5;11(12):708. doi: 10.3390/toxins11120708. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. Its body is usually red or reddish brown with yellow or yellow-orange legs.  |  Für viele Jahre wurde Scolopendra dehaani als Unterart von Scolopendra subspinnipes geführt. The forcipules are the major tools used by the centipede to kill its prey or for defense, as they have sharp claws that connect to venom glands. Epub 2011 Jan 19. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. If danger is detected she will wrap around her babies to keep them safe. One of the most widespread and common species in the genus Scolopendra, this species is also found on virtually all land areas around and within the Indian Ocean, all of tropical and subtropical Asia from Russia to the islands of Malaysia and Indonesia, Australia, South and Central America, the Caribbean islands, and possibly parts of the southern United States. Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. Adults molt once every year. This material is based upon work supported by the SPIXIANA 35.1 (2012) 19-27. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Animalia: information (1) Animalia: pictures (20673) Animalia: specimens (7109) Animalia: sounds (722) Animalia: maps (42) Eumetazoa metazoans.  |  Seit 2012 allerdings, konnte der Unterartstatus von Scolopendra subspinnipes durch Christian Kronmüller aufgehoben und Scolopendra dehaani in den Artstatus erhoben werden. Als Futter dienen die gängigen Futtertiere in passender Größe: Schaben, Heimchen, Grillen und Heuschrecken. Der Bodengrund sollte mindesten 5-10 cm hoch sein, um den Skolopendern das Graben zu ermöglichen. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Most of them showed no significant similarity to other protein sequences deposited in the known public database. : "Review of the subspecies of Scolopendra subspinipes Leach, 1815 with the new description of the South Chinese member of the genus Scolopendra Linnaeus, 1758 named Scolopendra hainanum spec." Yang S, Liu Z, Xiao Y, Li Y, Rong M, Liang S, Zhang Z, Yu H, King GF, Lai R. Mol Cell Proteomics. During a fight, the centipede will use its entire body coiling the prey or enemy with its legs firmly attaching to the body of the opponent. In this study, Scolopendra subspinipes dehaani venoms were systematically investigated by transcriptomic and proteomic analysis coupled with biological function assays. After random screening approximately 1500 independent clones, 1122 full length cDNA sequences, which encode 543 different proteins, were cloned from a constructed cDNA library using a pair of venom glands from a single centipede species. Help. The female then fertilizes her immature eggs, oocytes, and deposits them in a dark, protected area. x; UniProtKB. To cite this page: Centipede Venom Peptides Acting on Ion Channels. [4], S. subspinipes is a popular pet among arthropod hobbyists. Toxins (Basel). Proteomic characterization of the venom and transcriptomic analysis of the venomous gland from the Mexican centipede Scolopendra viridis. NLM ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Sequence archive.  |  It is among the largest centipedes with a maximum length of 20 cm. González-Morales L, Pedraza-Escalona M, Diego-Garcia E, Restano-Cassulini R, Batista CV, Gutiérrez Mdel C, Possani LD. NIH In this study, Scolopendra subspinipes dehaani venoms were systematically investigated by transcriptomic and proteomic analysis coupled with biological function assays. However, information about the compositions and functions of their venoms is largely unknown. Für viele Jahre wurde Scolopendra dehaani als Unterart von Scolopendra subspinnipes geführt. Disclaimer: [4] It attacks its prey with the last prehensorial legs, then curves its head quickly behind to implant its venomous jaws deeply and firmly into the prey. Scolopendra subspinipes is a species of very large centipede found throughout eastern Asia. Epub 2014 Oct 29. Epub 2014 Apr 26. Hier eignet sich besonders gut Erde aus dem Laubwald. Then, it will quickly penetrate its forcipules into the victim for venom injection. Epub 2012 May 17. Sci Rep. 2019 Oct 1;9(1):14088. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-50688-x. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. It is also one of only three species of centipedes in Hawaii. Centipede venom: recent discoveries and current state of knowledge. [3] This centipede is an active, aggressive predator that preys on any animal it can overpower. In this study, Scolopendra subspinipes dehaani venoms were systematically investigated by transcriptomic and proteomic analysis coupled with biological function assays. All Rights Reserved. Luan N, Zhao Q, Duan Z, Ji M, Xing M, Zhu T, Mwangi J, Rong M, Liu J, Lai R. Toxins (Basel). Deshalb muss auf den nötigen Ausbruchsschutz geachtet werden, davon abgesehen sind Terrarien, deren Öffnung sich vorne befinden, nicht geeignet. Centipedes breathe through the openings located along sides of their bodies. Kingdom Animalia animals. In 2014, a fatality was reported for a bite from a Scolopendra gigantea. A pair of modified legs known as forcipules can be found on its head, which is covered by a flat shield and bears a pair of antennae. [4], This is a large species which can grow up to 20 cm in length. Die Tiere sind in folgenden Ländern zu finden (nach Kronmüller, 2012): Indien, Burma, Bangladesch, Malayische Halbinsel China, Hong Kong, Indonesien, Thailand, Vietnam, Japan, Kambodscha und den Inseln Okinawa, Andaman und Nicobar.